A journey through the early detection and rapid response to the introduction of the invasive Asian longhorned beetle in Canada. In Canada, Asian longhorned beetle was first discovered in Toronto, Ontario, in 2003 and was declared eradicated in 2013 (Turgeon et al. The eggs produce larvae and those larvae tunnel deep under the bark and feed on living tree tissue. The longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae; also known as long-horned or longicorns) are a family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body. Ongoing monitoring efforts are now on-going to ensure this infestation has been contained (OMNRF, 2014). cfia.surveillance-surveillance.acia@canada.ca. ALB was first detected in the US and Canada in the early 1990s at several ports. The Asian longhorned beetle is an invasive species that was introduced to North America in the 1990s and made its way to Ontario by 2002. The hardwood species that the beetle attacks make up a large proportion of both natural and urban forest canopies across Canada. Figure 1. FIGURES 1!2. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) was introduced from Asia to the U.S. with the first breeding populations found in NY State in 1996 (USDA).It is a wood-boring pest that attacks maples and other hardwood trees. During this period, their body changes from a larva into an adult beetle! In some cases, however, early detection and rapid response can be very effective and successful. It has also been found in Austria and France. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. Larvae of the Asian longhorned beetle feed in the wood of tree branches, stems and large roots. ALHB was not found anywhere in Ontario between 2007 and 2012, indicating that early detection and rapid response was effective. If you have found a suspect Asian longhorned beetle and/or its habitat, download and complete the following sampling protocols: When conducting surveys in accordance with this protocol, please contact the CFIA so all partner activities can be tracked as part of the national surveillance efforts. Dr. Taylor Scarr, OMNRF Provincial Entomologist, inspects a removed ‘high-risk’ tree for signs and symptoms of an Asian longhorned beetle infestation. There have been very few sightings of ALHB in Ontario and it is important to be on the lookout for this dangerous invader. This restricted the movement of wood and wood products out of this zone (NRCan, 2014). This was done to prevent the further spread of the beetle. (OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012). For example, when the emerald ash borer (EAB) was first detected in Windsor, Ontario in 2002, a quarantine barrier was established. By November 2003 susceptible host trees were being removed from the area to eliminate possible ALHB habitat. A regulated area, from which nursery stock, wood products, and tree materials are not to be moved, has been put in place in efforts to contain and eliminate the forest pest (CFIA, 2014). Replant removed trees with a native non-host species. If you see ALHB or signs of infestation, call the, Report sightings to the toll-free Invading Species Hotline at 1-800-563-7711 or visit. First, a quarantine zone of about 150km2 was established around the infested trees where the beetle was discovered. Long, black and white banded antennae, one to two times its body length. Adults lay their eggs in hardwood trees, and larvae then tunnel through the living tissue of the tree stopping the flow of water and nutrients, killing it. The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), also known as the starry sky, sky beetle, or ALB, is native to eastern China, and Korea.This species has now been accidentally introduced into the United States, where it was first discovered in 1996, as well as Canada, and several countries in Europe, including Austria, France, Germany, Italy and UK. ALB are shiny and black with prominent, irregular white spots, 2-4 cm in length. Sault Ste. 1 and 2A and B, Lingafelter and Hoebeke 2002). P: (705) 541-5790 Each tree that was removed was carefully inspected by researchers for signs of ALB damage and then destroyed. Since ALB has no effective predators in North America, it could cause great damage to native ecosystems if it is not contained. The rate of development depends on temperatures during the growing season; therefore, a portion of the population can take two years, rather than one, to complete its life cycle. In some cases, when an invasive species is first detected in a forest or urban area, it has already spread much further than expected, and it may not be possible to eradicate. With no current cure, early identification and eradication are critical to its control. The Asian longhorned beetle is an invasive species that was introduced to North America in the 1990s and made its way to Ontario by 2002. It is important to remain vigilant as individual detections (not established populations) do occur. All infested trees found between 2003 and 2004 were removed and the wood was chipped. The urban areas of Southern Ontario are particularly vulnerable to pests such as the Asian long-horned beetle because they are where the majority of containers arriving in … Adult: Shiny black with prominent, irregular white spots, 2-4 cm in length. Over the remainder of the winter, extensive tree removal took place in the new infested area. Black with distinct white spot behind head. It threatens recreation and forest resources valued at billions of dollars. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990's. The loss of this species could have devastating social impacts in Canada. The pronotum has two large spines, while the elytra are shiny black and bear white or yellowish tan spots in variable patterns. As a result of early detection and quick response, the spread of ALB was prevented and no beetles were detected within Ontario between 2007 and 2013 (OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012). Scientists now believe that EAB could have been present in Ontario up to 10 years prior to its initial detection. Potential decline in hardwood (broadleaf) trees could have major consequences for Ontario’s wildlife and biodiversity, negatively affecting future generations. Spread the word! Asian long-horned beetle is native to China and Korea where it is considered a major pest causing mortality of Elm, Maple, Poplar and Willow trees. June 25, 2020 - Ottawa, ON. Asian longhorned beetle adults are large, 17–39 mm in length, and although females tend to be larger than males, there is considerable variation in size both within and between the sexes (Figs. Trees were heavily scarred with signs of attack and larvae and adult beetles were common, suggesting that there had been multiple generations at the site. This one invasive species had the potential to impact tourism and social values, create losses in the billion dollar hardwood and maple syrup industries, and cause widespread and immeasurable impacts on native forests. The map below is the EDDMapS (Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System) Ontario distribution map for the Asian longhorned beetle as of May 2017. Single eggs will be laid at multiple sites, with the possibility of one female laying up to 100 eggs. Learn to identify the Asian longhorned beetle. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990s. These trees hold a disproportionate control over the structure and function of the ecosystem, and their loss can cause widespread ecological damage. In December 2013, an adult beetle was collected and positively identified as ALB in an industrial area of Mississauga, outside of the original regulated area. Unfortunately, a new infestation was detected in Mississauga in 2013. ALB was detected in the Toronto, Ontario area in 2003 and quick action lead to eradication of the pest over the following years. A pest of maples and other hardwoods, Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is native to China and the Koreas. longhorned beetle has movedintoman-made treed landscapes.Genetic analysis of Asian longhorned beetles from Ontario, Canada, found mitochondrial DNA haplotypes not present in U.S. populations, indi-cating that both of these introductions occurred independently (Carter et al. The EAB attacks and kills >99% of ash trees, so an ‘ash-free zone’ was established where all potential host trees were removed in an attempt to stop EAB spread. In Ontario, full development of ALB populations has been observed on maples (Acer spp. The family is large, with over 26,000 species described, slightly more than half from the Eastern Hemisp… For instance, Canada’s commercial hardwood forests produce $11 billion in wood products annually (City of Toronto, 2015). (OMRNF, 2014), “Photos: (1) Taylor Scarr, OMNRF, and (2-4) Kelly Withers, ISC. It currently infests areas in Massachusetts, New York and Ohio. Signs of infestation by ALB include (City of Toronto, 2015): Asian longhorned beetles create large (1.5 – 2 cm diameter) exit holes on the trunk and branches of host trees. After five years of surveys with no detection of this plant pest, the Asian Long-horned Beetle Infested Place Order has been repealed effective June 9, 2020. Asian long-horned beetle (ALHB) is an invasive forest pest with no natural enemies in North America that attacks nearly all broadleaf trees, with native Maples being the preferred host. With this continued effort, ALB can be successfully and permanently eradicated from Ontario. The beetle was detected in Vaughn and Toronto, Ontario in 2003 and was officially declared eradicated by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) in April 2013. The Asian longhorned beetle ... Sugar maple tree commonly found in Southern Ontario, and a preferred host tree to the ALB (Picture: Alan Watson, University of Guelph Arboretum) Index of all insects found in Ontario. The Asian longhorned beetle has been getting a lot of attention. ), birches (Betula spp. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, or ALB) is a threat to America's hardwood trees. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) acted quickly to address the infestation. Older … With firewood, remember: burn it where you buy it! Easily transported in firewood, live trees or untreated lumber. The Asian long-horned beetle poses a serious threat to Canada’s forests and trees.. Canadian Food Inspection Agency . Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. After tree removal, the Canadian Forest Service and multiple survey crews continued to monitor trees within the regulated area looking for any signs of ALB. In June of 2020, the Asian longhorned beetle was officially declared eradicated from the City of Toronto and Mississauga by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency after a long management and eradication effort that began prior to the first detection of the insect in Ontario in 2003. Larvae hatch from the eggs after a few days and will enter the wood and begin feeding on it. An adult Asian longhorned beetle can measure over 2 inches, has six legs, a black body with white spots, long antennae, and sometimes has blue feet! Insecticides do not protect trees; trees must be cut down and burnt or chipped. In December 2013, ALHB was detected again near Pearson International Airport. It has distinct bluish-white legs and long black and white segmented antennae. Asian longhorned beetle in the United States Long-horned beetle, (family Cerambycidae), also called longicorn, any of about 25,000 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) whose common name is derived from the extremely long antennae of most species.These beetles occur throughout the world but are most numerous in the tropics. Can have small, irregular white spots on its back. The Asian longhorned beetle. Immediately, a 150 km2 quarantine zone was established around the initial detection site to restrict the movement of wood materials. The Asian longhorned beetle. Several native non-harmful beetles can be easily confused with ALHB, so take a close look at how to identify this beetle listed below. Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) has been eradicated from the cities of Mississauga and Toronto in the province of Ontario. Tell your friends, family, and neighbours about the threat from ALB. Locations of Asian longhorned beetle found since 1996. Retrieved from: www.invadingspecies.com.This factsheet may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes. Larvae:  Round, grub-like, and creamy white-coloured. Report any suspect ALB signs or symptoms – photos help! A journey through the early detection and rapid response to the introduction of the invasive Asian longhorned beetle in Canada It is originally from China and Korea where it is also considered a pest which kills a variety of native trees. Ongoing monitoring efforts are now on-going to ensure this infestation has been contained (, OFAH/OMNR Invading Species Awareness Program, 2012, D-11-05 – Phytosanitary Requirements for Non-Manufactured and Non-Propagative Wood Products to Prevent the Introduction from the Continental United States and Spread Within Canada of the Asian Long-horned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), D-02-12 – Import requirements of non-manufactured wood and other non-propagative wood products, except solid wood packaging material, from all areas other than the continental United States, D-01-12 – Phytosanitary Requirements for the Importation and Domestic Movement of Firewood, D-98-08 – Entry Requirements for Wood Packaging Materials Produced in All Areas Other Than the Continental United States, Survey Guidelines for Asian Longhorned Beetle (, Lignes directrices pour les enquêtes sur le longicorne asiatique (. As trees were removed, full documentation of tree species, tree size, and signs and location of beetle attacks on each tree was carried out. Eggs resemble grains of rice, and could take a week to several months to develop into larvae. It is originally from China and Korea where it is also considered a pest which kills a variety of native trees. According to Ellison et al. ALB attacks and kills a wide range of native trees, including the symbolic maple tree. Even though the response was rapid, it was not effective at stopping the spread of the insect due to late detection. Map: Iowa Tree Pests website (2017) http://www.iowatreepests.com/alb_home.hml. Although ALB has not been found in Wisconsin, it currently infests areas in Massachusetts, New York, Ohio and Ontario, Canada. As trees were removed, full documentation of tree species, tree size, and signs and location of beetle attacks on each tree was carried out. Many species at risk are found within Ontario’s hardwood forests, so their survival is also at risk with this potential decline of forest health (City of Toronto, 2015). Adult Asian long-horned beetles, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae), were discovered in Ontario, Canada, in 2003 in the vicinity of a commercial warehouse. RECOGNIZING THE ASIAN LONGHORNED BEETLE INTRODUCTION It is important to become familiar with the general appearance of the di!erent life stages of the Asian longhorned beetle and with the time of year it can be seen. The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, Marie-Claude Bibeau, with the Minister of Natural Resources, Seamus O'Regan, announced today that the Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) has been eradicated from the cities of Mississauga and Toronto in the province of Ontario. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB; Anoplophora glabripennis) is an exotic wood-borer that poses a severe threat to natural and urban forests in North America if it is not eradicated and becomes widespread. In Canada, the adult ALB can easily be mistaken for several native beetles that look similar, such as the white-spotted sawyer (Monochamus scutellatus). It was introduced to North America in the 1990’s through untreated wooden shipping pallets. 2015). being among the most ecologically and economically significant. The Asian longhorned beetle regulated area. When prevention is not possible, ‘early detection and rapid response’ is advocated as the best strategy to combat an introduced invasive species. check out the Forest Invasives Canada Quick Tips Page, How Collaboration Kept an Invasive Beetle at Bay, The spotted lanternfly is a border away: Help us keep it out, Oval-shaped egg pits dug on trunk, branches, or exposed roots, Large round exit holes (1.5-2 cm diameter). The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, Marie-Claude Bibeau, with the Minister of Natural Resources, Seamus O'Regan, announced today that the Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) has been eradicated from the cities of Mississauga and Toronto in the province of Ontario. The Asian longhorned beetle is a black insect with white speckles that grows a long antenna. It is also recommended that potential host trees (maple, birch, poplar, willow, elm, horse chestnut, sycamore, katsura, mountain ash, silk tree, hackberry, and goldenrain tree) should not be planted within the regulated area until the ALB has been declared eradicated. The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), also known as the starry sky, sky beetle, or ALB, is native to eastern China, and Korea. In various members of the family, however, the antennae are quite short (e.g., Neandra brunnea) and such species can be difficult to distinguish from related beetle families such as the Chrysomelidae. Eradication programs have been initiated, and it is yet undetermined whether this pest exists elsewhere in the United States. In addition, the maple tree is a symbolic species in Canada, both on our landscape and on our flag. This would mean large revenue losses, as the hardwood forest industry is worth billions of dollars in wood products (NRCan, 2014). Its scientific name is Anoplophora glabripennis (Motchulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Not Every Long Horned Beetle in Ontario is an Asian One Posted on 2014 01 10 by BetCrooks For a few brief glorious months, Canada was declared to be free of any traces of Asian Long Horned Beetles after a campaign of many years and more dollars. Shiny black with prominent, irregular white spots. This species has now been accidentally introduced into the United States, where it was first discovered in 1996, as well as Canada, and several countries in Europe, including Austria, France, Germany, Italy and UK. ALB was first detected in an industrial area north of Toronto in September 2003. In 2002, Asian longhorned beetle was found in New Jersey and has since spread to Toronto, Ontario, and eastern Massachusetts. To see the current EDDMapS distribution map, click on the map below. the Asian Longhorn Beetle probably hitched a ride to North America from Asia in wooden cargo crating in 2003, the beetle was found attacking trees in the Toronto area CFIA declared the beetle eradicated in April 2013 after five years of negative survey results in the quarantine zone. Adults leave a round exit hole, approximately 1 cm across (slightly smaller than a dime) in trees. As the name suggests, the success of this strategy depends on how early the species is detected, and how rapid and effective the response is. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) acted quickly to address the infestation. Note:  The “active infestation” in the Greater Toronto Area is under an active eradication program with no recent detections. Unless authorized by a Movement Certificate issued by the CFIA, the movement of these items out of the regulated area is prohibited. The larvae overwinter in the tree, until pupation occurs in April or May. Throughout this process, 25 more infested trees and 17 suspect trees were discovered. The tunnels created by the larvae hinder the tree’s ability to transport water and nutrients and eventually kills it. Asian long-horned beetle (ALHB) is an invasive forest pest with no natural enemies in North America that attacks nearly all broadleaf trees, with native Maples being the preferred host. This was the only known population of ALHB in Canada. Adults leave a round exit hole, approximately 1 cm across in trees. Contact your local forestry professionals for information on what to plant. 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