Sometimes questions are posed in the negative. In addition to negative adverbs, there are also many negative phrases that use inversion. When negative or restrictive expressions are used (at the beginning of a sentence), we see an inversion of the verb and subject.. 1. (5) CP C C AgrP Ne eom i NP Agr ic j Agr TP t i t j T T VP t i t j V V AdjP t i wod Negative inversion, as in (4), inverts a ﬁnite verb and a subject pronoun. OK — here we go: If I was ridiculously rich, I think I’d still work. The word order is inverted: negative adverbial + auxiliary verb + subject + verb. - Negative inversion a. Inversion. For example, On the dance floor were the two free-spirited girls we all knew, Judy and Meg. Negative inversion is illustrated with the following b-sentences. Hardly ever has a competition been won so early on in the game. The last examples (Trump getting elected and Brexit happening) were solid events, with “proper” verbs. Some examples are phrases like “not only…but also,” (and) “not until” and “not since.” Forming Negative Questions. For this last example, note that you may also hear the forms “Comment tu t’appelles?” and “Comment vous appelez-vous?” but these are more common in France, while the inversion in the example above is more common in other French-speaking countries like Belgium. But we can also use this inversion with the verb “be.” Example? Negative inversion is not attested in British varieties of English. By Rob Lane . Inversion is also used after negative words like hardly, seldom, rarely, little, never and after expressions containing only. Inversion with Negative Adverbials. Here are some more sentences with negative adverbs and inversion: 3. Seldom has a simple omelette tasted better. b. Pattern 1 - Negative inversion with adverbs of frequency. When a Statement Begins with a Negative Adverb or is Modified by It. b. Any sentence that begins with a negative adverb or happens to be modified by it will have to be inverted to make literal sense. (NOT Seldom I have seen such a mess.) Inversion happens when we invert the normal order of a sentence, mostly the form of the subject-verb in order to emphasize the sentence. Basic examples. An example would be: "Nigel will never surrender", which can be inverted to, "Never will Nigel surrender". When the auxiliary verb is preceded by negation, such as 'no', 'never' or 'not', then it can undergo inversion. At no time will Sam relax. Practice 1 make a new sentence using negative inversion from each sentence below. not all varieties that exhibit negative concord also exhibit negative inversion. Negative adverbials are words or phrases used to be restrictive, emphatic, or dramatic. They are used at the beginning of sentences and require one to invert the following subject and verb. - Negative inversion a. Jim has never tried that. Never has Jim tried that. For example, Never have I tasted such a delicious meal Rarely can a young chef have had success so young. Haeberli (2002a) and Pintzuk (1999) analyse cases like … The relevant expression containing the negation is underlined and the subject and finite verb are bolded: a. Sam will relax at no time. structure of the negative inversion example (4), with ic ‘I’ in spec,AgrP. We use inversion mostly in a literary way or a formal way. Hardly had I reached the station when the train arrived. To invert this: Remove “if.” … Belfast English and Bristol En-glish, for example, both exhibit negative concord but neither variety exhibits negative inversion (Henry, Maclaren, Wilson, & … (NOT Hardly I had reached the station …) Seldom have I seen such a mess. Little did he realize the danger he faced. A negative interrogative question in the passé composé can be formed by using either intonation alone, by beginning the question with Est-ce que (or Est-ce qu’), or by using inversion. In formal English, and in written language in particular, we use negative adverbials at the beginning of the sentence to make it more emphatic or dramatic. Inversion after negative adverbials.