0000270635 00000 n 0000314102 00000 n 0000258225 00000 n Noun. 0000308202 00000 n 0000306026 00000 n 0000324862 00000 n Determination of the best interests of the child shall be made by evaluating all of the factors affecting the welfare and interests of the particular minor child and the circumstances of that family, including, but not limited to: (a) The demonstrated capacity and disposition of each parent to facilitate and encourage a 0000310295 00000 n 0000320059 00000 n 0000308747 00000 n 0000298725 00000 n 0000281735 00000 n 0000267091 00000 n 0000274074 00000 n 0000291887 00000 n 0000269847 00000 n 0000273821 00000 n 0000293251 00000 n 0000233902 00000 n 0000279491 00000 n 0000310743 00000 n No person shall discriminate against a child on the grounds of gender, race, age, 0000308483 00000 n 0000280564 00000 n 0000315228 00000 n 0000235159 00000 n 0000248089 00000 n 0000294578 00000 n 0000288680 00000 n 0000323639 00000 n 0000253227 00000 n 0000242493 00000 n 0000266234 00000 n 0000253839 00000 n 0000289995 00000 n The Committee observed that the child’s right to be heard is important in ensuring that her “best interests” are served, thereby drawing a link between the “best interests” of the child and the child’s right to participation, guaranteed under Article 12 of the Convention. 0000107094 00000 n 0000296522 00000 n 0000241595 00000 n 0000240165 00000 n 0000314036 00000 n 0000295778 00000 n 0000306921 00000 n 0000254773 00000 n The fact that children make up such a large proportion of the population is reason enough to … 0000269740 00000 n 0000269093 00000 n 0000303705 00000 n 0000322984 00000 n 0000309487 00000 n 0000275127 00000 n No person shall discriminate against a child on the grounds of gender, race, age, 0000233072 00000 n 0000242320 00000 n 0000237209 00000 n 0000304427 00000 n 0000287563 00000 n 0000238170 00000 n 0000225791 00000 n 0000301807 00000 n 0000317503 00000 n 0000256821 00000 n 0000253612 00000 n 0000316054 00000 n 0000305127 00000 n 0000308879 00000 n 0000127506 00000 n 0000275635 00000 n 0000293185 00000 n 0000268535 00000 n 0000305914 00000 n 0000246810 00000 n 0000312804 00000 n 0000244570 00000 n Best interests and welfare of child - Court consideration - Factors. 0000278794 00000 n 0000317172 00000 n 0000300753 00000 n h�bb�f`b`` Concerns have been expressed 0000238965 00000 n 0000307119 00000 n 0000290836 00000 n Several international conventions had also subsequently incorporated this provision. This article explores the use of the best interest standard in the context of third-party interventions in ongoing parent-child relationships. +`)g�J읒��P��� � G9v��c>koM:A�>�\`����$!L�k\� �p�D�i��-*&I��"]p���3���(�� ^1W�*�iH#Iª��� the concept the best interest of the child, a term that is used in judicial decision-making, particularly when the childs place of residence is a major issue and the question specifically relates to where the child can best grow up. 0000262655 00000 n 0000297820 00000 n 0000248863 00000 n 0000316174 00000 n 0000312628 00000 n 0000232460 00000 n The Best Interest of the Child Standard The UDMA, which aimed to streamline state laws on marriage and divorce, introduced a framework in which custody was determined by the arrangement that would be in the child’s best interest. 0000253560 00000 n 0000281847 00000 n 0000249624 00000 n 0000304760 00000 n 0000297088 00000 n 0000246293 00000 n 0000298395 00000 n 0000315174 00000 n 0000232684 00000 n ‘the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration’ in the enactment of laws relating to children, as well as ‘the guiding principle of those responsible for (the child’s) education and guidance’. 0000036663 00000 n 0000233527 00000 n 1863 0 obj <>stream The Best Interests of the Child (BIC) is one of the main principles in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child reminding all … 0000247871 00000 n 0000274577 00000 n 0000304648 00000 n 0000234524 00000 n 0000232562 00000 n 0000252201 00000 n 0000055270 00000 n 0000301232 00000 n 0000250248 00000 n 0000306855 00000 n 0000254577 00000 n 0000323360 00000 n the Children’s Act 42 . 0000293449 00000 n 0000313386 00000 n 0000238259 00000 n 0000248257 00000 n 0000270366 00000 n 0000304041 00000 n 0000276453 00000 n The best interests principle is mentioned in various articles in the CRC. 0000307866 00000 n 0000284353 00000 n 0000293794 00000 n 0000244293 00000 n 0000246586 00000 n 0000312518 00000 n 0000236353 00000 n 0000235102 00000 n 0000287752 00000 n 0000317359 00000 n 0000234011 00000 n 0000237319 00000 n 0000241318 00000 n 0000260199 00000 n 0000277717 00000 n The factors can be used in cases such as custody, parenting time, and minor guardianships. 0000229983 00000 n 0000300586 00000 n 0000316230 00000 n 0000239963 00000 n 0000251561 00000 n 0000293682 00000 n 0000322517 00000 n 0000250851 00000 n 0000233419 00000 n 0000289366 00000 n 0000317637 00000 n 0000322884 00000 n 0000259767 00000 n 0000291000 00000 n 0000262781 00000 n 0000296077 00000 n 0000268034 00000 n 0000282988 00000 n 0000264053 00000 n 0000266773 00000 n The factors can be used in cases such as custody, parenting time, and minor guardianships. Best Interests of the Child In all custody proceedings in New York, the main concern for the court in awarding custody is the “best interest of the child.” The “best interest of the child” test means that the courts are required to balance the ability of each parent to meet the needs of the child or children. 0000318078 00000 n 0000309939 00000 n 0000278119 00000 n 0000315064 00000 n 0000283166 00000 n rights and welfare of children. 0000300004 00000 n 0000284131 00000 n 0000300922 00000 n 0000252365 00000 n 0000312408 00000 n 0000247447 00000 n The first is balancing the "best interests" with claims of parental 0000309543 00000 n 0000310964 00000 n 0000319600 00000 n 0000297286 00000 n 0000286750 00000 n 0000315008 00000 n 0000251291 00000 n 0000275347 00000 n 0000311929 00000 n 0000246345 00000 n 0000287873 00000 n 0000236107 00000 n 0000285685 00000 n 0000264695 00000 n 0000286110 00000 n 0000297875 00000 n 0000264214 00000 n 0000268877 00000 n 0000300977 00000 n 0000281267 00000 n The best interest of the child Yvonne Dausab Approximately 60 per cent of people in Namibia are under the age of 25. 0000313508 00000 n 0000242773 00000 n 7 The Children’s Act, 1998 Act 560 Non-discrimination 3. 0000244796 00000 n 0000307923 00000 n 0000237893 00000 n The child’s best interests and the right to know his or her origins – Géraldine Mathieu 130 Concluding remarks 134 APPENDICES 137 Appendix I – Speeches presented at the European Conference on the Best interests of the child – A dialogue between theory and practice (Brussels, 9-10 December 2014) 139 0000246128 00000 n 0000277941 00000 n 0000282601 00000 n 0000289432 00000 n 0000241537 00000 n 0000277329 00000 n 178 0 obj <> endobj 0000286442 00000 n 0000297352 00000 n 0000273254 00000 n The maxim “in the best interests of the child” (Section 28 of the Bill of Rights) clearly informed the different submissions, and the hearings as a whole provided a good example of how the successful implementation of constitutional precepts requires the identification of … 0000243155 00000 n 0000255921 00000 n endstream endobj 992 0 obj <>/Metadata 98 0 R/Outlines 211 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 984 0 R/StructTreeRoot 221 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 993 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 61/Type/Page>> endobj 994 0 obj <>stream �,��J���Gv�u_Spw��;-��Gg��W��SǐD�Ab�β�8)�U�‹G��>\�+�JsDس�’����s����ޔ���O�UZN�[���Ssޕ �7����E��fxxxi��ڥ����r����E����`v�txj�Il� 0000236462 00000 n 0000095417 00000 n 0000267324 00000 n 0000322687 00000 n 0000273625 00000 n 0000269408 00000 n 0000264587 00000 n 0000280621 00000 n 0000252423 00000 n 0000301917 00000 n 0000312462 00000 n 0000241168 00000 n 0000262169 00000 n 0000283766 00000 n 0000268472 00000 n 0000262114 00000 n 0000259606 00000 n 0000260091 00000 n 0000288348 00000 n 0000278240 00000 n 0000308314 00000 n 0000323492 00000 n 0000257901 00000 n 0000268598 00000 n 0000279073 00000 n 0000263946 00000 n 0000314276 00000 n Nearly all courts base child custody decisions on the best interests of the child standard. 0000276321 00000 n 0000260413 00000 n 0000239853 00000 n The best interest of the child Yvonne Dausab Approximately 60 per cent of people in Namibia are under the age of 25. 0000310854 00000 n 0000203189 00000 n 0000265290 00000 n 0000241897 00000 n 0000298527 00000 n The publication also addresses the definition of best interests and guiding principles of best interests determinations. 0000267379 00000 n 0000324093 00000 n 0000040346 00000 n 0000271518 00000 n 0000306249 00000 n 0000233147 00000 n 0000321645 00000 n 0000300474 00000 n 0000119400 00000 n IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD: Harmonising Laws on Children in West and Central Africa . ‘the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration’ in the enactment of laws relating to children, as well as ‘the guiding principle of those responsible for (the child’s) education and guidance’. 0000283353 00000 n 0000281566 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000243992 00000 n 0000244043 00000 n 0000282658 00000 n 0000322415 00000 n 0000278673 00000 n 0000250023 00000 n 0000307053 00000 n 0000242659 00000 n 0000229829 00000 n Best interests in human rights instruments 12 2.2. 0000269345 00000 n 0000263470 00000 n 0000265740 00000 n h�b```�&� A�(FAAA�� ��`[�� �|�?l.���jLƌgY.2�2��r32Nd��4�U�q-���[%&a ��rZ��4����'{���4��x��N���D �� 4��#����掎8� �����B@�`� R����hs� �ļ�0 �� ��L\����6�fLz�p������4XE��N �D�t$�iO��.�ϩi�e`Y��NQ�b�� �hy� 0000302537 00000 n 0000257073 00000 n 0000323392 00000 n 0000253118 00000 n 0000269579 00000 n 0000312342 00000 n 0000311630 00000 n 0000281959 00000 n 0000251451 00000 n 0000290331 00000 n 0000257514 00000 n 0000239905 00000 n 0000271786 00000 n 0000246076 00000 n 0000264001 00000 n 0000242938 00000 n 0000231650 00000 n Such a clear theoretical and scientific framework, which is the basis of the workshops with parents, transcends the boundaries of another programme, titled "School for Parents". 0000237742 00000 n 0000293627 00000 n 0000273309 00000 n 0000235210 00000 n 0000319139 00000 n 0000305523 00000 n 0000271113 00000 n 0000271626 00000 n 0000253337 00000 n 0000317101 00000 n 0000237158 00000 n 0000239118 00000 n 0000254115 00000 n 0000248199 00000 n 0000265992 00000 n 0000251780 00000 n Repealed by S.L. 0000259983 00000 n 0000236939 00000 n 0000311986 00000 n 0000320919 00000 n 0000258333 00000 n 0000238561 00000 n 0000270690 00000 n 0000317433 00000 n 0000304705 00000 n 0000315856 00000 n 0000322164 00000 n 0000285053 00000 n 0000305690 00000 n 0000234234 00000 n 0 0000306657 00000 n 0000293317 00000 n 0000250630 00000 n 0000303309 00000 n 0000245816 00000 n 0000263149 00000 n 149, § 12. 0000240114 00000 n 0000321579 00000 n 0000252475 00000 n 0000254007 00000 n 0000254281 00000 n 0000290946 00000 n Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 0000247704 00000 n 0000041832 00000 n 0000305859 00000 n Several international conventions had also subsequently incorporated this provision. 0000256334 00000 n The concept of the child's best interests is aimed at ensuring both the full and effective enjoyment of all the rights recognized in the Convention and the holistic development of the child.2 The Committee has already pointed out3 that “an adult’s judgment of a child’s best interests cannot override the obligation to respect all the child’s 0000285941 00000 n 0000286882 00000 n 1.1.3 The development of UNHCR’s 2008 Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child..... 13 1.1.4 The 2018 Revision of UNHCR’s Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child ..... 15 1.2 Application of the 2018 UNHCR Guidelines on Assessing and Determining the Best Interests of 0000272454 00000 n 0000261320 00000 n 0000249204 00000 n 0000232907 00000 n 0000280201 00000 n 0000313002 00000 n 0000314168 00000 n 0000273093 00000 n 0000300071 00000 n 0000291364 00000 n 0000234633 00000 n 0000264320 00000 n 0000314756 00000 n 0000263785 00000 n 0000320757 00000 n 0000294016 00000 n 0000234993 00000 n 0000276884 00000 n 0000267792 00000 n 0000296798 00000 n 0000299147 00000 n 0000239615 00000 n 0000252143 00000 n 0000239795 00000 n 0000274819 00000 n 0000243098 00000 n 0000295250 00000 n 0000288216 00000 n 0000052480 00000 n 0000249537 00000 n 0000234291 00000 n This means that the judge will determine the custody arrangement that best suits the child’s needs, based on a … 0000311030 00000 n 0000295382 00000 n 0000296853 00000 n 0000204018 00000 n The best interests of the child factors are 12 things judges consider in cases involving minor children. Addis Ababa: The African Child Policy forum. 0000232618 00000 n 0000286332 00000 n 0000236296 00000 n emotions and requires a reexamination of the best interests of children. 0000252314 00000 n 0000236743 00000 n 0000253395 00000 n 0000293063 00000 n 0000250960 00000 n 0000302480 00000 n 0000291775 00000 n 0000280845 00000 n 0000293515 00000 n 0000278739 00000 n 0000268355 00000 n 0000265127 00000 n 0000288746 00000 n 0000296688 00000 n 0000230678 00000 n 0000263533 00000 n 0000297418 00000 n 0000127995 00000 n 0000263096 00000 n 0000318008 00000 n 0000280788 00000 n � ~� � 0000252937 00000 n 0000246753 00000 n 0000266505 00000 n 0000274753 00000 n 0000298153 00000 n 0000299717 00000 n 0000285383 00000 n This publication sheds lights on different aspects of this concept. 0000304995 00000 n 0000249480 00000 n 0000257010 00000 n 0000245046 00000 n 0000319536 00000 n 0000299538 00000 n Despite heavy use of the concept of the “best interests” of the child, there is little consensus about what criteria constitute a child's best interests or how these criteria should be applied. 0000240223 00000 n 0000257388 00000 n 0000323205 00000 n 0000302649 00000 n 0000230404 00000 n Definition of Best interests of the Child. 0000243440 00000 n 0000231594 00000 n the best interests of a child is the Convention,17which has been hailed as a wa- tershed in the history of children.18Its importance is underscored by the un- precedented “rapidity with which States have ratified or acceded to it and by the sheer number of States Parties which it has attracted”.19The Convention is a 0000283043 00000 n 0000041783 00000 n 0000253452 00000 n 0000251729 00000 n 0000299090 00000 n 0000305061 00000 n 0000261998 00000 n 0000310183 00000 n 0000282157 00000 n 0000287686 00000 n 0000305578 00000 n 0000315338 00000 n 0000298791 00000 n 0000275868 00000 n 0000304317 00000 n 0000277219 00000 n "best interests of the child," the term generally refers to the deliberation that courts undertake when deciding what type of services, actions, and orders will best serve a child as well as who is best suited to take care of a child. 0000248450 00000 n 0000299870 00000 n 0000315504 00000 n 0000323739 00000 n 0000294633 00000 n 0000241954 00000 n 0000236691 00000 n 0000312041 00000 n 0000265451 00000 n 0000304483 00000 n 0000246402 00000 n 0000289234 00000 n 0000249023 00000 n 0000308035 00000 n 0000306723 00000 n 0000300865 00000 n 0000241111 00000 n 0000320196 00000 n 0000294512 00000 n 0000319654 00000 n 0000235267 00000 n 0000249262 00000 n 0000270798 00000 n 0000259930 00000 n 0000294690 00000 n What does the concept of the best interests of the child mean in practice? 0000230847 00000 n endstream endobj startxref 0000231090 00000 n University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Law ,Department of Private Law, 2016 [cited yyyy month dd]. 0000298043 00000 n This publication sheds lights on different aspects of this concept. 0000285438 00000 n \Ew9b��u`xs����%�c�0�K�:�QA$���I���$�8H�9Lm�8����x�.U�%��Ĵ�6^���A�Υ����B�}2�H֍ȹ�����D�/�\p 0000259372 00000 n any decisions or actions are in the best interests of the child, contains the risk that workers may pay more attention to family needs rather than to the child’s right to protection. 0000249371 00000 n 0000255858 00000 n 0000230620 00000 n 0000318877 00000 n 0000303872 00000 n 0000321379 00000 n 0000240473 00000 n 0000240056 00000 n 1. 0000256605 00000 n 0000246862 00000 n 0000261562 00000 n startxref 0000267039 00000 n 0000284188 00000 n 0000308615 00000 n 0000251509 00000 n 0000266933 00000 n 0000307251 00000 n 0000247003 00000 n 0000322852 00000 n 0000275991 00000 n 0000281135 00000 n 0000266613 00000 n 0000303573 00000 n the best interests principle. 0000292122 00000 n Those who make decisions about children are increasingly required by law to act in the child's best interests. 0000245104 00000 n This article explores the indeterminacy argument and then turns to ways in which, in practice, a degree of predictable operation may still result.